Lubrication systems are designed to keep machinery running smoothly by reducing friction and wear. The three main types of lubrication systems are:
1. Splash-type: This system uses a pump to splash oil onto the moving parts of the machinery.
2. Spray-type: This system uses a pump to spray oil onto the moving parts of the machinery.
3. Circulating-oil: This system uses a pump to circulate oil through channels in the machinery.
Lubrication systems play an important role in machinery operation by supplying the necessary lubricant to moving parts to reduce friction and wear. The type of system used depends on the application and severity of the operating conditions.
Common types of lubrication systems include:
- Splash or Sump Lubrication: This is the most common type of system used for general purpose applications. It uses a reservoir (sump) to hold the lubricant, which is then splash-fed or pumped to the moving parts.
- Pressure Lubrication: This system uses a pump to force the lubricant through an oil pressure relief valve into an oil gallery, where it is distributed to the moving parts. Pressure lubrication is used in applications where high loads or speeds are present.
- Grease Lubrication: Grease lubrication systems use a grease gun or pump to force grease into bearings or other moving parts. Grease provides a seal against contamination and can withstand higher temperatures than oil.
Lubrication systems provide many advantages to machinery and equipment. By properly lubricating bearings, gears, chains, and other moving parts, friction and heat are reduced. This in turn increases the life of the machinery or equipment, reduces downtime for maintenance, and lowers operating costs. In addition, proper lubrication can improve the quality of the product being produced by the machinery or equipment.
The three most common faults of lubrication systems are:
1. insufficient lubrication
2. excessive lubrication
3. wrong lubricant
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